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IWK103/4 Pulp Production and Paper Recycling

Course Details

  • Credit: 4
  • Semester: 2
  • Prerequisite: none


This course emphasises on the principles of pulping, chemical recovery, pulp bleaching and paper recycling. The main topics include various types of raw material for pulping, effects of biomass components on pulping, principles and types of pulping and pulp bleaching, advantages and disadvantages of conventional and chlorine-free bleaching, paper types, resource and various types of secondary fibres, utilisation rate and waste paper procurements. The advantages and disadvantages of paper recycling in terms of economical and technical aspects are also included.


School of Industrial Technology, Building G07, Persiaran Sains, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
Tel: +604 653 2219 | Fax: +604-653 6375 | Email: dean_ind@usm.my

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